Right since the ancient times, the massive field of science has continued to evolve for unleashing the simple to complex aspects present in its different branches such as medical, physical, and astronomical. The evolution has undoubtedly come up with several amazing discoveries toward which the human race will never fail to express gratitude. Giving a tribute to the life changing discoveries, here are the top 5 greatest scientific discoveries.
5. The Large Hadron Collider
This gigantic machine is designed to imitate the Big Bang (proposed in 1927) that explains how the cosmos came into existence. The Bing Bang refers to the massive explosion that several scientists believe to occur 13.7 billion years ago. According to the theory, all matter was actually in the form of a compressed tiny dot in the universe and that this dot expanded within less than a second to fill what is termed today as universe.
Replicating this phenomenon, the Collider aims to smash the atoms together for giving deeper insights regarding the travel of light along with the present shape and size of the cosmos. It facilitates super crashes at high speed, which emits great amounts of energy for unleashing exotic particles or re-creating the conditions in cosmos, which existed only a trillionth of a second after the that explosion. Existing as 17-mile circular tunnel in the subterranean area close to Geneva, the Collider is likely to dig out the secrets of God particle, dark matter, and extra dimensions in the cosmos.
This astonishing scientific discovery began from satellite radio and evolved into satellite TV, satellite Internet, 4G wireless Internet, and satellite-guided vehicles. In terms of space discoveries, the sensing satellites have given us several best vistas of our planet along with its spontaneous rhythms. While the first Russian satellite in 1957 to orbit around our planet might have frightened a few of us, the modern world now feel relaxed and addicted to its increasing abilities in terms of communication, remote sensing, and navigation regardless of the weather, clouds, and risks in space.
Can you imagine the modern life without bulbs, fans, kitchen appliances, and computers? Well, that is the significance of electricity. It is because of this most utilized source of power that we can relax while the daily home and office chores happen on electrical machines. All credit goes to Benjamin Franklin who flew his kit in the lightning storm and Michael Faraday whose discoveries resulted in the electric motor and generator. Michael found that that a wire with current rotates when positioned near a magnetic pole.
2. Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)
Nobody can deny how significant and critical the scientific achievement of DNA in the medical field is! The DNA is the exact physical depiction of gene in a human body, which has given rise to profound hordes of possibilities for those researching deeper on vaccines for hereditary or genetic ailments and exploring the strange bloodlines in humans. Vaccines, in themselves, are reliable saviors because they are capable of treating a variety of epidemics and disorders.
1. Water on Mars
Until a few years back, exploring other planets and comets in space was common but it was only a dream to step on one of those remote planets and do the research work. However, this dream became a reality in 2008 when the Phoenix Lander of NASA stepped on the red planet and gave evidence of water and organic compounds.
The Phoenix Lander near the North Pole dug the red ground for samples and that during one dig, the cameras showed white powder in the fresh soil. As this powder slowly disappeared in consequent images and due to the conclusion of associated analysis, it was found that this white powder was water ice. Obviously, such evidence gives a hope of some kind of organisms living on the planet.